Embolization Therapy: A Management for Hemoptysis in Cystic Fibrosis
One of the manifestations of cystic fibrosis is hemoptysis. The latter is a medical term which means "coughing out of blood". Because of the frequent coughing in the lungs, the tissue of the organ is damaged which causes it to bleed. When this happens, an embolization therapy can be necessary to relieve the patient. Let us learn about the process of embolization, the dangers associated with it, and the other issues related to the therapy by reading the items below.
Embolization is a minimally-invasive procedure that is performed by licensed and qualified professionals. The process involves introduction of emboli to selectively occlude blood vessels. The purpose of the therapy is to stop bleeding problems in an area of the body.
The organ is accessed through a guidewire and a catheter. Locating the organ involved is a time consuming and a tricky task. The correct placement is confirmed through Digital Angiography. Once in place, the therapy can immediately begin. The artificial embolus to be introduced can be one of the following: foam, particles, plug and coils.
The Advantages of the treatment
There are several benefits in an embolization therapy. First, the procedure is minimally invasive compared to surgery. It also leaves no scar on the skin. And because there is minimal invasion in the access area, there is also a lower risk of acquiring infection. The use of general anesthetics is also rare. A faster healing period can also be expected from this type of therapy.
The Risks of Embolization Therapy
The success rate of the treatment varies from person to person. The emboli may also reach healthy tissues which can be detrimental to one's health. The therapy may also not be suitable or available to anyone with cystic fibrosis. The doctor has to evaluate the patient first before employing this kind of hemoptysis treatment.
Although embolization can serve a good purpose to patients who are experiencing hemoptysis, the risks that accompany the procedure have been a major issue for the past years. The procedure should also be properly performed so therapeutic effects can be guaranteed.
The Criteria for Embolization Therapy
Mild to moderate hemoptysis often occurs in patients with cystic fibrosis. If the problem will lead to severe circumstances, the doctor may already order an embolization therapy. The criteria for such procedure are the following:
- If the symptom significantly impairs the airway clearance of the patient. This means that the patient has severe breathing problems which can result to detrimental problems or to death.
- If the symptom interferes with the lifestyle of the affected individual. Despite the severity of the problem, the patient may undergo such treatment if the bleeding problem affects his way of living.
- If the blood measures more than 300ml in 24 hours, the patient can be subject to an embolization therapy. Immediate treatment would be required in such case. Doctors would usually order an emergency procedure if the cystic fibrosis patient has hemoptysis. Management of the problem should be instituted at an early time to prevent complications. Hence, once blood is in the lungs, there is an immediate cough reaction, which can trigger more blood to be released in the lungs. This vicious circle can have disastrous effects.
Disclaimer: This website provides general information about cystic fibrosis and in no means should be taken as a medical or health advice. Please consult your doctor before acting on any of its information.